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Until recently, medical scientists believed that ulcer was solely caused by an overproduction of digestive fluids at the level of the stomach. Considering that stomach and duodenal ulcers occurred as a consequence of excessive acidity, doctors commonly prescribed antacids as a main form of treatment for gastric disorders. However, these medications alone were unable to completely overcome ulcer and medical scientists had to come up with more reliable drugs. In their attempt to find a better cure for ulcer, scientists have revealed new aspects of the disorder, findings that suggested the involvement of various other factors in the occurrence of digestive disorders.

The Relation between Ulcer and Bacteria

The Relation between Ulcer and BacteriaUntil recently, medical scientists believed that ulcer was solely caused by an overproduction of digestive fluids at the level of the stomach. Considering that stomach and duodenal ulcers occurred as a consequence of excessive acidity, doctors commonly prescribed antacids as a main form of treatment for gastric disorders. However, these medications alone were unable to completely overcome ulcer and medical scientists had to come up with more reliable drugs. In their attempt to find a better cure for ulcer, scientists have revealed new aspects of the disorder, findings that suggested the involvement of various other factors in the occurrence of digestive disorders. In the 80s, the findings of Robin Warren and Barry Marshall revealed that ulcer was in fact caused by infection with bacteria. At that time, the discovery came as a great surprise for medical science, and most physicians denied the implication of bacteria in the occurrence and development of ulcer. Scientists believed that bacteria couldnt populate the interior of the stomach, as it was a very acidic and hostile environment, inappropriate for the proliferation of infectious microorganisms. However, the research conducted by Australian scientists Robin Warren and Barry Marshall suggested the fact that bacteria had a major contribution in the development of digestive disorders such as ulcer. In spite of their efforts to prove the major implication of Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the occurrence of ulcer, the hypotheses sustained by Robin Warren and Barry Marshall were considered to be unfunded and medical gastroenterologists refused to assimilate the ideas presented by the two Australian scientists. After conducting various experiments regarding the involvement of Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the progression of ulcer, Robin Warren and Barry Marshall were finally able to confirm their initial statements. The two scientists proved that people affected by ulcer could be effectively cured with the means of antibiotic medications. Patients who were administered a course of amoxicillin along with the usual treatment with antacids experienced a rapid amelioration of their symptoms and they were less likely to suffer a relapse. Nowadays, it is known for a fact that Helicobacter pylori bacteria are the leading cause of ulcer. The bacteria are responsible for causing both duodenal and stomach ulcers by interfering with the normal activity of the gastrointestinal system. Helicobacter pylori bacteria affect the internal activity of the body on two levels: they weaken the mucosal protective cover of the internal organs and they stimulate an overproduction of digestive fluids. In present, most medical treatments for ulcer include both antacids and antibiotics. By corroborating these two types of medications in the treatment for ulcer, patients can recover rapidly and the chances of relapse are minimal.

What Is Used To Treat Bipolar Disorder?

What Is Used To Treat Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic depression. Atypical mood swings, depression, shifts in energy levels and an inability for the person to function normally in society or in relationships are signs of this ailment. Approximately one percent of the population is diagnosed with this disorder each year. It can affect academic growth, careers, and personal relationships negatively. This long term disorder requires lifetime maintenance and monitoring to assure proper treatment.Most treatment methods combine the use of prescription medications with counseling or other forms of mental health assistance. It is recommended that people who experience these symptoms consult a psychiatrist for diagnosis and the complete spectrum of treatment needed to control it. There are two types of medications generally prescribed for this, mood stabilizers and antidepressants. It is very common for both types to be used in order to prevent swinging from one extreme to another.Lithium is one of the first and most popular medications to be prescribed. It is also the drug most readily prescribed for use with children and teenagers. Some drugs like valproate or carbamazepine are traditionally used as an anticonvulsant but have been found to also act as a stabilizing agent for mood swings. One or a combination of these drugs will help equalize the moods of a patient. Benzodiazepine or lamotrigine are often used as antipsychotic and antidepressant medications to compliment the mood stabilizers.Omega-3, St. Johns wort and SAM-e are popular natural supplements reported to improve the effects of bipolar disorder. It is important, though, to consult with your physician before adding natural remedies to prescription drugs. Often doses and types of medication will have to be adjusted throughout the life cycle of the disorder for maximum benefit. Psychotherapy is an important treatment and should not be ignored even if medications are prescribed. Individual and group counseling is readily available from psychiatrists and hospitals. It will provide a supportive environment to discuss issues and come to terms with the issues. Education will assist in recognizing signs and improving means of dealing with the symptoms. Including family members as a part of the therapy will help them understand and better cope with the effects of the problem.More than two million adults in the United States are diagnosed with "bipolar disorder" . The effects can be harmful to the patient as well as family and friends. Proper treatment is essential in maintaining solid relationships and the ability to function in school or in the workplace. With a complete regimen of medication and therapy, the effects of this disorder can be controlled and most people can live a normal and full life.

Causes And Symptoms Of Peeling Skin

Causes And Symptoms Of Peeling Skin

Mainly peeling skin is a short-term problem and one should avoid worrying too much about it. Many a times "peeling skin" is a symptom indicating other skin problems. Some of the common causes of skin peeling are Heavy perspiration due to tight gloves or boots Blisters that contain fluid between the two layers of skin. When the blister breaks it leaves the skin open to be peeled. Rash - It is another reason for skin peeling Dry skin - Dryness and intense cold weather makes the skin peel. Sunburn - Sunburn is another common reason for skin peeling Chemical irritation - A chemical reaction can easily trigger this problem. Eczema - A chronic skin rash which causes skin inflammation that could lead to skin peeling Psoriasis - It results in scaling and inflammation of the skin causing it to peel. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) - These are blisters which cover the whole body. It is a rare disease, but another reason for skin peeling.- Symptoms of Skin Peeling seen in Erythroderma - It shows the symptoms of thickening and flaking of the skin. Exfoliative dermatitis It causes the skin to flake. Hand eczema - The continuous problems of rashes and itches on the hands due to increasing use of harsh soaps and detergents. Ichthyosis - A rare disease caused mainly due to dryness, the resulting roughness leads to scaly fish-like skin. Kawasaki disease - Found mainly in infants and young children. It is characterized by rash and swelling of the hands. Scarlet fever - Even though it causes strep throat problems, it also causes rashes over the upper body which spreads the entire body. Vitamin A overdose shows symptoms of skin peeling. Burns is another major cause of skin peeling. Another cause is Peeling Skin Syndrome or Skin Peeling Syndrome. A rare genetic disorder that causes continuous skin peeling. It may also cause redness of the skin (erythema) and itching (pruritus). It has been divided into two categories- Non-inflammatory Type A and Inflammatory Type B category.- Basic Measures to Prevent Peeling Skin Avoid scratching the peeling skin as it can worsen the situation if you are suffering from diseases like eczema or psoriasis. Instead of pulling the peeled skin, use scissors. Moisturize your skin by using good moisturizing cream or lotion to soothe your skin. Drink plenty of water and remain hydrated. If you are out and about, use sunscreen at regular intervals. Pat, dry your skin instead of rubbing. Use mild soaps instead of strong and harsh soaps. If you are having a hot bath, limit your time, as hot water drains the skin of its natural oils. Warms baths are milder and causes less damage to your skin.Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Selecting The Right Apnea Treatment

Selecting The Right Apnea Treatment

At times, it may seem difficult to choose a sleep apnea treatment that works. With so many choices, it can be tough to know which apnea treatment method works best and which does not. An individual who has been diagnosed with sleep apnea requires a prompt apnea treatment in order to avoid the serious complications that are often associated with the disorder. Among them, heart disease, a greater likelihood of a stroke or other serious medical condition.First and foremost on your mind when selecting an apnea treatment should be safety. Is the product or procedure safe? What type of risks or warnings are associated with its use? If you are considering the use of an anti-snoring device, this may help you to have better quality sleep but these products are not intended to be a cure for sleep apnea on their own. For instance, the Sleep Genie is a doctor recommended anti-snoring device that may help sufferers enjoy a better quality sleep. While supporting the jaw, it helps the mouth to remain closed using a comfortable nylon lycra blend. It is important to understand that the Sleep Genie is not intended to be a cure for sleep apnea, but rather a product that can help the sufferer to rest better throughout the night.. In addition, apnea sufferers who use the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine may benefit from the added use of the Sleep Genie, which helps to keep the mouth closed. Users of the CPAP machine need to sleep with their mouth closed in order to keep the air, provided by the machine, from escaping during sleep.Other natural sleep apnea treatment methods include the removal of household allergens with the help of air filtration devices, sleeping on your side instead of your back, giving up cigarettes and/or alcohol and paying close attention to your diet. Obesity is one of the leading causes of snoring, which is a direct sign of sleep apnea. Therefore, if you are overweight or have been diagnosed as being obese, it may be time to consider a medically supervised diet and exercise program as the next step in your apnea treatment search. In addition to being a good sleep apnea treatment, losing weight will help to improve your overall health.This article is intended for informational purposes only. It should not be used as, or in place of, professional medical advice. Before beginning any treatment for snoring, please consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis and remedy.

Skin Care And Prescription Oral Medicines

Several types of prescription topical medicines include benzoyl peroxide, tretinoin, adapalene, and azelaic acid. Some people develop side effects from using prescription topical medicines including stinging, burning, redness, peeling, scaling, or discoloration of the skin. Prescription Oral Medicines Oral antibiotics are thought to help control acne by curbing the growth of bacteria and reducing inflammation. Examples are clindamycin, erythromycin, sulfur, or isotretinoin. Some people experience side effects when taking these antibiotics, such as an increased tendency to sunburn, upset stomach, dizziness or lightheadedness, changes in skin color, and dry skin. Your skin also stretches when you become overweight and after a diet, and loosing weight, you will need to exercise to tone your skin into shape again. A younger person has more flexible skin but when you are older your skin is not as flexible and it becomes harder to tone your skin after loosing weight. You have probably heard of dry skin, oily skin and combination skin.Proper acne skin care also involves shaving and using the right razor. Choosing and testing for a comfortable safety razor is influential when you have acne. Before applying the shaving cream, the beard can be softened by washing it with soap and water. Using a sharp blade and shaving lightly helps avoid cuts and rupturing pimples. Many acne "skin care" products and medicines for treating skin diseases can make your skin more prone to sunburn. Exposing your skin for a while to the sun may help dry up acne blemishes in the surface. Too much exposure to the sun can cause rapid skin aging, skin cancer and can make your skin drier. If you have acne, you may have decided that your skin type is either oily or combination. But actually, it's neither of these. Acne prone skin falls into a completely different category: problem skin. Poser skin. The answer is not to try and put on weight in the first place but that is not always easy especially as we get older. Acne can be irritating for most people since it can almost be unpredictable and uncontrollable once it strikes.The exact causes of this skin disease are not known and there have been no guaranteed measure in averting it. Diet, hereditary reasons, vitamin deficiency and stress are among the factors that have been closely attributed to acne infections. Still, it is best to find a good acne skin care regimen to ease and control its growth. An average person can make use of typical acne skin carefulness methods. However please try to keep weight gain off your skin care program as the two do not go together.

How Much Are Your Spending at the Pharmacy

Prescription medication is vital to the practice of medicine. How often have you gone to the doctor for a problem and not walked out with a prescription? I can say with confidence, probably not too often. It the last hundred years, antibiotics have saved millions of lives. In the two year period of 1918 and 1919, scientists estimate the influenza virus killed between 20 and 40 million people worldwide. In the United States, the total deaths amounted to 675,000; that is more deaths than the total of all US war battle deaths. So more US citizens were killed by the flu outbreak of 1918/1919, than were killed all the wars we have ever fought. Thankfully, scientists have developed a vaccine. Prior to 1955, thousands of children were killed or crippled by the polio virus. The invention of a vaccine by Dr. Jonas Salk has all but eradicated this terrible disease worldwide.Insulin has extended the life and improved the health of millions of diabetics. It wasnt until 1921 that insulin was discovered. In the 1940s, scientists linked diabetes with its long term complications such as blindness and kidney failure. And blood glucose monitors, which tell you exactly how much insulin to inject, were developed just 35 years ago. Now, scientists are transplanting insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells to Type I diabetics.High blood pressure and high cholesterol seriously shortened ones life just a generation ago. With new technology comes new ways to deal with these conditions. The drug class statins, which include todays most prescribed medication, Lipitor, was only just developed in 1987. It is pretty obvious that prescription medications are important. Anything this important and essential to the life and welfare of the human race is going to be expensive. Americans spent more than $170 billion for their prescription medication in 2004. The average out-of-pocket cost per prescription is now $54.58 and the average person over the age of 55 takes 2.6 different medications per day. That comes to an average out-of-pocket expense of about $140 per month or $1680 per year. Those over the age of 65 spend more on prescription costs ($2,300 a year average) than on physician care, vision services, and medical supplies combined. In fact, the total health care spending in the United States in 2004 was $1.8 trillion. That is 4.3 times the amount spent on national defense.According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, spending of prescription drugs increased at an average rate of 14.5% a year from 1997 to 2002. The statistics prove that the average prescription medication costs have quadrupled since 1991. The cost continues to increase at a rate of about 18% per year. This 18% increase translates to an additional $22.6 billion for the drug manufactures between 2000 and 2001.Health insurance costs are also soaring. The number of Americans without health insurance is now approaching 50 million. The co-pays for prescription drugs have risen 62% in the last three years. Since the year 2000, insurance premiums have gone up 49% and deductibles are rising at a rate of 22% a year. People in this country are not seeking medical attention because of the cost. They wait until it is too late and they are taken away in either an ambulance or hearse. The Kaiser Family Foundation, a non-profit, private foundation, estimates that those over 55 years of age, in 2006, will pay an average of $3,160 on medication, thats $263 per month.When are we going to do something about this? The government thinks it came up with an answer in its Medicare Part D. Already the program is riddled with delays, problems, and confusion. The only way we, as consumers, are going to lower our costs, is take matters into our own hands. The public needs to be educated in how the drug companies price their medication, why the costs are so high, and how you can reduce your costs. Take the initiative, learn all about your medication. Ask your doctor why he or she prescribed that particular drug. If there something else that works the same way but costs less? Can I double the dose and cut the tablet in half? Are there and samples you have here in the office?These are just three of the many questions you can ask your doctor. Depending on the answer, you can begin to formulate your plan for savings.

Summary

Until recently, medical scientists believed that ulcer was solely caused by an overproduction of digestive fluids at the level of the stomach. Considering that stomach and duodenal ulcers occurred as a consequence of excessive acidity, doctors commonly prescribed antacids as a main form of treatment for gastric disorders. However, these medications alone were unable to completely overcome ulcer and medical scientists had to come up with more reliable drugs. In their attempt to find a better cure for ulcer, scientists have revealed new aspects of the disorder, findings that suggested the involvement of various other factors in the occurrence of digestive disorders.